由 “助动词will 动词原形”构成，当主语是第一人称时，也可以用 “助动词shall 动词原形”。will在名词或代词后常缩写为'll，will not缩写为won’t；shall一般不缩写，shall not缩写为shan’t。
例如：he will help his sister with her lessons.他将帮助他妹妹做功课。
we shall/will not be free this afternoon.今天下午我们没空。
1、一般将来时表示在将来的某个时候将要发生的动作或存在的状态，常与tomorrow, next year, in a minute等时间状语连用。
例如：i shall go to beijing tomorrow. 明天我将去北京。
the concert will start in a minute. 音乐会马上就开始了。
2、用“be going to 动词原形”表示打算和预测。
例如：we are not going to stay there long. 我们不准备在那里久待。
i’m afraid they’re going to lose the game. 恐怕他们会输掉比赛。
look at the dark clouds, it’s going to rain. 看那乌云，快要下雨了。
3、用“be about to 动词原形”表示即将要发生的事，这种结构通常不与具体的时间状语连用。
例如：look! the race is about to start. 瞧，赛车就要开始了。
4、用现在进行时(即be动词＋现在分词)表示将来，这一结构常用于表示位置转移或行程安排的动词，如come , go , leave, fly, move, arrive, start等。
例如：i'm leaving for tibet on sunday. 星期天我要去西藏。
when are you going back to your factory? 你什么时候回工厂？
he is not coming. 他不来了。
they are arriving tomorrow afternoon. 他们明天下午到达。
5、用“be to 动词原形”仅用于表示正式的公务安排、公告指示、义务、命令、禁止等。
例如：he is to leave for beijing to have a meeting tomorrow. （公务安排）
tell him he’s not to be back late. 告诉他不准迟回。（禁止）
you are to (=should) report to the police. 你应该报警的。（义务）
you’re not to (=mustn’t) tell him anything about our plans. （禁止）
注意：be to强调客观安排或受人指示而做某事，be going to则强调主观的打算或计划。
6、用“be due to 动词原形”表示按计划或时间表将要发生某事，有时也用一般现在时。
例如：the strike is due to begin on tuesday. 罢工预定于星期二开始。
the train leaves at six tomorrow morning. 火车明天上午六点开。
1、there be句型的一般将来时是将will / be going to放在there be之间，即：there will/be going to be…
例如：there is going to be a meeting tomorrow afternoon.
there isn’t going to be a meeting tomorrow afternoon.
is there going to be a meeting tomorrow afternoon?
2、在条件状语从句中用一般现在时表示将来，若你见到在条件句中用了will，那 will 就是表示“愿意”的情态动词。
例如：he'll help you if you ask him. 你提出请求,他就会帮助你。
let her do that if she will. 如果她愿意，就让她那样做。
3、在“祈使句 and/or 陈述句”句型中，陈述句中只能用“will/情态动词 动词原形”。
例如：work hard, and you will pass the exam. 努力学习，你就会通过考试。
work hard, or you won’t pass the exam. 努力学习，否则你就不会通过考试。
例如：---you’ve left the light on. 你忘记关灯了。---oh! i’ll go and turn it off. 啊！那我去关。
例如：oil and water will not mix. 油和水没法混在一起。
( ) 1. ---let’s go out to play football, shall we? ---ok. i ________.
a. will coming b. be going to come c. come d. am coming
( ) 2. charlie ________ here next month.
a. isn′t working b. doesn′t working c. isn′t going to working d. won′t work
( ) 3. he ________ very busy this week, he ________ free next week.
a. will be; is b. is; is c. will be; will be d. is; will be
( ) 4. there ________ two dolphin shows in the zoo tomorrow evening.
a. was b. is going to be c. will have d. are going to be
( ) 5.---___ you ___ free tomorrow? ---no. i ___ free the day after tomorrow.
a. are; going to; will b. are; going to be; will
c. are; going to; will be d. are; going to be; will be
( ) 6. mother ________ me a nice present on my next birthday.
a. will gives b. will give c. gives d. give
( ) 7. the train ________ at 11.
a. going to arrive b. will be arrive c. is going to d. is arriving
( ) 8.---where is the morning paper? ---i ________ it for you at once.
a. get b. am getting c. to get d. will get
( ) 9. ________ a concert next saturday?
a. there will be b. will there be c. there can be d. there are
( ) 10. if they come, we ________ a meeting.
a. have b. will have c. had d. would have
( ) 11. he ________ her a beautiful hat on her next birthday.
a. gives b. gave c. will giving d. is going to giving
( ) 12. he ________ to us as soon as he gets there.
a. writes b. has written c. will write d. wrote
( ) 13. he ________ in three days.
a. coming back b. came back c. will come back d. is going to coming back
( ) 14. if it ________ tomorrow, we’ll go skating.
a. isn′t rain b. won′t rain c. doesn′t rain d. doesn′t fine
( ) 15.---will his parents go to see the terra cotta warriors tomorrow? ---no, _______ .
a. they willn’t. b. they won’t. c. they aren’t. d. they don’t.
( ) 16. who ________ we ________ swimming with tomorrow afternoon?
a. will; go b. do; go c. will; going d. shall; go
( ) 17. we ________ the work this way next time.
a. do b. will do c. going to do d. will doing
( ) 18. tomorrow he _____ a kite in the open air first, and then _____ boating in the park.
a. will fly; will go b. will fly; goes c. is going to fly; will goes d. flies; will go
( ) 19. the day after tomorrow they ________ a volleyball match.
a. will watching b. watches c. is watching d. is going to watch
( ) 20. there ________ a birthday party this sunday.
a. shall be b. will be c. shall going to be d. will going to be
( ) 21. they ________ an english evening next sunday.
a. are having b. are going to have c. will having d. is going to have
( ) 22. ________ you ________ free next sunday?
a. will; are b. will; be c. do; be d. are; be
( ) 23. he ________ there at ten tomorrow morning.
a. will b. is c. will be d. be
( ) 24. ________ your brother ________ a magazine from the library?
a. are; going to borrow b. is; going to borrow
c. will; borrows d. are; going to borrows
( ) 25. it ________ us a long time to learn english well.
a. takes b. will take c. spends d. will spend
( ) 26. it ________ the year of the horse next year.
a. is going to be b. is going to c. will be d. will is
( ) 27. ________ open the window?
a. will you please b. please will you c. you please d. do you
1.i ______（leave）in a minute. i ______（finish）all my work before i ______（leave）.
2.—how long _____ you _____（study）in our country?
—i _____（plan）to be here for about one more year.
3. most of us don't think their team ______（win）.
4.mary’s birthday is next monday, her mother _____（give）her a present.
5.i am afraid there ______（be）a meeting this afternoon. i can't join you.
6.mike ______（believe, not）this until he ______（see）it with his own eyes.
1.people in the north often go skating in winter.（next winter）
2.there are two cinemas in that town.（next year）
3.he comes back late.（in two days）
4.she is a conductor of a train.（soon）
5.china is a modern and strong country.（in twenty years）
6.do you study hard?（from now on）
参考答案：一、1-5 ddddd 6-10 bddbb 11-15 dcccb 16-20 dba db 21-25 bbcbb 26-28 aa 二、1. am leaving ; will finish ; leave 2. will ; study 3. will win
4. will give 5. will be 6. won't believe ; sees
三、1. people in the north will go skating next winter.
2. there will be two cinemas in that town next year.
3. he will come back late in two days.
4. she will be a conductor of a train soon.
5. china will be a modern and strong country in twenty years.
6. will you study hard from now on?